Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is characterized by progressive damage to the lungs causing chronic cough, excessive sputum and a tendency to get recurrent chest infections.
It causes narrowing of the airways making it more difficult for air to travel in
and out of the lungs. This condition usually affects people over 40 years of age with clinical
symptoms of lung inflammation usually called bronchitis or emphysema. Chronic obstructive
pulmonary disease that lasts for a long time hasa damaging effect on other organs.
COPD is caused by inhaling noxious chemicals and dusts such as cigarette smoke, atmospheric pollutants and certain occupational exposures. The early symptom is a morning cough, that occurs without any identifiable cause, such as infection. As the disease progresses, there is a feeling of shortness of breath, fatigue and persistent wheezing which can severely limit the sufferer from doing any typeof meaningful exercise. At its most severe, the sufferer is housebound and needs to use oxygen daily. There is no cure for COPD but treatment and good management can slow the progression.